Old Testament Places Turkey

Few people know that about 60% of the places mentioned in the Bible are located in Turkey. According to the Old Testament, Noah, his children and the animals he saved in the ark started the repopulation of the Earth from Mt. Ararat in eastern Turkey. Abraham’s call to greatness came in Harran, in southeast Turkey. This city was called Ur of the Chaldeans.

Archaeologists discovered that the Hittites, Urartians, Assyrians, Phrygians, Cimmerians, Lydians and many other nations who were important to the Old Testament once lived here. The people of the Bible have left records of their activities in Anatolia from Noah to St. Paul’s time.

Here in Anatolia there are 2 rivers rising that bounded Eden. Almost all of the Old Testament Sites mentioned in the Bible are located in the Eastern or South Eastern Turkey which may also be called Northern Mesopotamia.

Each of the members of Noahs family is represented in Anatolia: Shems sons Asshur (the Assyrians), Arphaxad (Nahors and Abrahams family in Harran), Lud (the Lydians), Aram (the Arameans); Hams sons Mizraim (the Lydians and the Caphtorites) and Canaan (Heth and the Hittites); and Japeths sons Gomer (the Cimmerians), Magog (the Scythians), Madai (the Medes), Javan (the Ionians), Tubal (in Cappadocia), Meshech (the Mushki), and Tiras (Thracians or Etruscians). They have left aqueducts, fortresses, burial mounds, commercial records, bas-reliefs and even household furnishings. Some of these are still ion spot, others can be seen in the museums, particularly the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations.

  • Aram-naharaim Gen 24:10
  • Ararat (Agri Dagi) Gen 8:4; Tob 1:21
  • Ararat (Urartu, Van) 2 Kgs 19:37; Isa 37:38; Jer 51:27
  • Armenia (Ararat) Isa 37:38 (LXX)
  • Ashkenaz (Armenia) Jer 51:27
  • Caphtor (Cappadocia) Jer 47:4; Amos 9:7 (LXX; Vul.)
  • Charchemish 2 Chr 35:20; Isa 10:9; Jer 46:2-12
  • Cilicia 1 Mac 11:14; Judith 1:12; 2:21, 25
  • Cnidus 1 Mac 15:23
  • Eden Gen 2:8, 10, 15; 3:23-24; 4:16; 2 Kgs 19:12; Isa 51:3; Ezek 27:23; 28:13; 36:35; Joel 2:3
  • Euphrates River – Gen 2:14; 15:18; Ex 23:31; Dt 1:7; 11:24; Josh 1:4; 2 Sam 8:3; 2 Kgs 24:7; 1 Chr 5:9; 18:3; 2 Chr 35:12, 20; Jer 13:4-7; 26:2, 6, 10; 28:63; Jud 1:6, 2:24; 1 Mac 3:32, 37; Sir 24:26; 1 Es 1:23, 25
  • Gozan 2 Kgs 17:6; 18:11; 19:12; 1 Chr 5:26; Isa 37:12
  • Habor River (Gumus Cay) 2 Kgs 17:6; 18:11; 1 Chr 5:26
  • Halicarnassus 1 Mac 15:23
  • Haran Gen 11:31-32; 12:4-5; 27:43; 28:10; 29:4; 2 Kgs 19:12; Isa 37:12; Ezek 27:23
  • Helech (Cilicia) Ezek 27:11
  • Kue (Cilicia) 1 Kgs 10:28; 2 Chr 1:16
  • Lud (Lydia) Isa 66:19; Ezek 27:10?; Jud 1:23
  • Lydia Ezek 30:5
  • Magog Ezek 38:2
  • Mallus 2 Macc 4:30
  • Meshech Ps 120:5; Ezek 27:13; 32:26; 38:2, 3; 39:1
  • Miletos Ezek 27:18 (LXX)
  • Minni (Armenia) Jer 51:27
  • Myndus 1 Mac 15:23
  • Nahor Gen 24:10
  • Paddan-aram Gen 25:20; 28:2-7; 31:18; 33:18; 35;9; 35:26; 46:15; 48:7
  • Pamphylia 1 Mac 15:23
  • Phaselis 1 Mac 15:23
  • Phrygia 2 Mac 5:22
  • Sampsames (Samsun) 1 Mac 15:23
  • Side 1 Mac 15:23
  • Sepharad (Sardis) Ob 20
  • Syria Judith 1:12
  • Tarsus 2 Macc 4:30
  • Tarshish (Tarsus) Isa 66:19; Jon 1:3; 4:2
  • Thrace 2 Mac 12:35
  • Tigris River (Dicle Nehri) Gen 2:14; Dan 10:4; Tob 6:1; Jud 1:6; Eccles 24:25
  • Togarmah (Gurun) Ezek 27:14
  • Tubal Isa 66:19: Ezek 27:13; 32:26; 38:2, 3; 39:1
  • Ur (Sanliurfa) Gen 11:28, 31; 15:7; Neh. 9:7